START HERE: CD Types & materials, Laundry, Cloth wipes

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START HERE: CD Types & materials, Laundry, Cloth wipes

Postby blue-eden » Fri Jun 18, 2010 5:32 am

Parenting by Nature lists their Top Ten Reasons to go cloth! See here for the article and read below for helpful advice.

1. Cloth diapers have come a long way, baby!!

We know the world of CDing can be overwhelming at first! AIOs? Pockets? Fitteds? What's the difference between an insert and a liner? 8O
See the sticky at the top of our CD forum for descriptions of each type of diaper and diapering accessory so you can choose which is best suited to your needs!

2. Cloth diapers are more economical!

Mothers (and especially fathers!!) want to know: can I really save money by using cloth diapers?? You can and will save in the long run, if you are willing and able to put some money up front. How much you spend on diapering is up to you.
Click here for a cost comparison of using disposables, vs using both Chinese prefolds and bum Genius diapers.
Very Baby also crunches some numbers, and evaluates the costs of sposes vs the cost of laundering cloth diapers.

3. Babies are healthier in cloth diapers!!

Think about what lies next to your baby's sensitive skin: disposable diapers leave a material called sodium polyacrylate (those little gel beads you see) on baby's skin, a substance banned from tampons in 1985, due to a link to toxic shock syndrome. Cloth diapers, on the other hand, do not contain harmful chemicals and are often made from completely natural materials!
Check out our Cloth Diapering Lingo sticky for info about materials used in cloth diapers.

Punkin-butt has a good article about your baby's health and using cloth.

4. Cloth diapers are more reliable and less messy than disposables!

No blow outs! No leaks!

5. Cloth is more comfortable!

Paper or soft cloth? What would you chose?

6. Cloth diapering is quick and EASY!

Today's cloth diapers are just as quick and easy as sposies. And even prefolds are a snap with snappis! Don't know what a snappi is? Check out our Cloth Diapering Lingo sticky!

7. Cloth Diapering is Fun!

The fact that we have a whole forum for chatting about our cloth diapers should tell you -- we have fun with our cds!
Let's face it: baby poop is baby poop. The fun colours and styles of cds make a poopy job a little less like work and a little more like fun fashion!

8. Babies look adorable in cloth diapers!

9. Potty learning is easier!

10. Cloth diapers are better for the environment!

Check out this article for how a diaperless world is a greener world.
Read more from Diaper Pin about the environmental benefits here.

A word about FAIR TRADE

One of the most important elements of cloth diapering is the huge impact it has on helping keep our earth clean and free from the harmful aspects of disposable diapers. We all have the right to choose how we live our lives, but some choices are more "fair" to the world at large than others.

With cloth diapering, you have the opportunity to be not only enviromentally conscious, but also "fair" in another important way. Have you ever considered the impact of commericialism on a large portion of the world's people? Do you know how easily you can lend a helping hand by participating in Fair Trade?

Please, if you have the time, readthis article on what 'sustainability' and 'fair trade' really means and why it's important to use make wise choices when considering what products to support.

Any more questions, please ask us! And if you need more help convincing your partner to cd here is another article, (with similar advice) that might give you some ideas! :)

Kinds of Diapers:

Please note that the diapers pictured here are just a few examples of the kinds of diapers available. It is not our intention to promote or advertize one brand or retailer over another. Please refer to the retailers section for a more complete listing of the websites we know of for purchasing the diapers we use.

First, I’ll introduce some diapers that don’t need a cover on them. These diapers are very easy to use, as they are “one step” – just put them on baby and go!

All-in-one Diapers: Also known as AIO's, all-in-ones are fitted diapers that have an outer waterproof layer. Often they have fewer absorbent layers than their counterparts. These diapers are ideal for out of home use. They are often not practical for daily use since frequent washing and drying reduces the effectiveness of the waterproof outer layer. However, they are ideal for “Daddy diapers” or for use in daycares or with family and friends who are not familiar with cloth diapering.
Read reviews of AIO’s here.

Bum Genius by Cotton Babies has a very popular AIO diaper, as seen here.


All in Two Diapers (AI2): This is a diaper that has the absorbent layer (or “soaker”) attached with snaps and has a waterproof outer layer. The soaker can be removed for washing and then snapped back in. The closures are adjustable, using either aplix or snaps. This is often an expensive way to cloth diaper, but is the easiest to use. This is great for the daycare setting or Daddy diapers also. The snap in soaker cuts down on drying time, so it's more economical and easier to care for., so they are often more popular than the basic AIOs.

Here is the BabysoftWraps AI2 diaper. You can see the outer layer of waterproof PUL (polyurethane laminate) and the soaker that snaps into it.


There are also some AIO diapers that have an "envelope" at the back for stuffing extra inserts in, to adjust absorbency.
Thirsties has one of these "stuffable AIOs" or "pocket AIOs".

Pocket Diapers: Pocket diapers are the newest type of diapers to hit the cloth diapering world. The first pocket diaper, Fuzzi Bunz created by Tereson of Mother of Eden in 1998. Pocket diapers are two piece diapering system typically with a piece of fleece or suedecloth that makes up the inner portion of fabric and a waterproof layer that makes up the outermost portion. An absorbent material is placed inside of the two pieces making the whole system act as an all in one system that keeps babies dry.
Read reviews of Pocket Diapers here.

Here is a picture of a pocket diaper, again by bum Genius, the BG 3.0. This pocket diaper is a ONE SIZE pocket diaper.


OS (One Size) Diapers: are diapers that can be adjusted to fit as the baby grows, usually with rows of snaps across the front of the diaper to adjust the rise. These are often bulkier than fitted diapers and AIO’s.
Read reviews of OS Diapers here.

Here is an example of a pocket diaper that is a SIZED diaper, the original pocket diaper, Fuzzi Bunz (shown here is the newest version).


This means that the diaper will only fit your child for a limited time until you have to size up to the next size. They will have either one or two rows of snaps in the front, or on the sides, or use aplix, Velcro or touchtape.

Usually these are noted as “xtra small, small, medium, large, toddler” etc, or sometimes there are just two sizes “size 1, size 2”. Make sure that you check the specifics of the diaper before you buy, so you know which size will fit your child.
Most diaper manufacturers will provide a sizing chart like this so you can judge which size will be the best fit for your little one.

Inside the pocket diaper you will need to put some kind of insert. This is a layer of material stuffed inside to add absorbency. It can be customized to your child’s needs. An insert can be made of cotton, hemp or micro-terry/microfiber, or bamboo. These usually come with the diaper when you purchase, but check with each manufacturer to make sure. You can switch out inserts from one diaper to another, it doesn’t matter which one you use! However, since hemp is slow to absorb even though it holds more than microfiber, it’s common to put a light layer of microfiber over the hemp one, to help “catch” the urine so it doesn’t leak out the diaper.
Read reviews of pocket diaper inserts here.

The Fuzzi Bunz insert shown here is flat, made to fit the sized diaper.


The Cotton Babies insert that comes with the bum Genius pocket diapers have snaps that fold down to make the insert larger or smaller, so you can customize to fit.


Next are some kinds of diapers that require a cover, since they do not already come with a layer of waterproof lining over them.

Fitted Diapers: Fitted diapers resemble disposable diapers. They have a contoured shape and have gathered edges around the legs. Instead of tape, they are fastened with either velcro or snaps. A waterproof diaper cover is necessary when using fitted, although with a good fitted diaper -- and to show off cute prints !! -- you can certainly allow your little one to go coverless, especially if they are walking.

Fitted diapers are more expensive than pre-folds ranging from $4 to $45 each. However they are much easier to use. If you purchase those with velcro closures, look for wide velcro strips. Usually fitted diapers come with snaps, though, since they are less bulky under covers.
Read reviews of fitted diapers here.

Here are some pictures of fitted diapers. These ones are all one sized, which means the same thing as the pocket one size diapers, in that they can be adjusted as the baby grows.


From left to the right the diapers are:
Motherease (regular, unbleached cotton with snap in soaker)
Goodmama (organic bamboo velour, with snap in 2 flap OBV soaker)
Muttaqin Baby 3StepRise (knit print, velour inner, trifolded hemp/velour soaker)
Cuddlebuns Quickdry bikini cut from Rainbow Stitches (velour, sherpa hemp, stay dry microfleece topped soaker, extra doubler)
Baby Beehinds (bamboo fleece, snap in bamboo fleece soaker)

This is what the interior of the diapers look like. Notice the snap in soakers, and how there are rows of snaps across the front of the diapers do snap down the "rise" (ie. how high the diaper will sit on the child's waist) to make it adjustable as baby grows. Also notice that some of the snaps are exposed across the front (like the Goodmama) while others are "hidden" with a swatch of material across the front, to prevent the snaps from pressing into the baby.


Here are some sized fitted diapers from New York Diaper Co. Like the aios and pockets, they can be marked “xtra small, small, medium, large, toddler, petite” or “size 1, size 2” etc. depending on the diaper maker. Make sure to check the sizing chart.


You can see on the backs of the diapers the back of the snaps for the snap in soakers. Fitteds almost always have soakers that snap in, to make them “quick dry” rather than sewn in (internal soakers). There are some diapers that do make internal soakers on fitteds though. A diaper maker (unless they are a factory produced diaper) will usually work with you if you request one or the other.

Some front snapping fitted diapers come with "hip snaps" to help prevent wing droop.
Wing droop occurs when the front wings of the diaper that snap in front fall down and rest on the baby's thighs.

The Goodmama and the New York Baby Co. Diapers are examples of diapers that have these hip snaps, to help prevent the wing droop. They hold the diaper more firmly against the child's hips.
Here is a tutorial from the Goodmama on show how the hip snaps work.

Fitted diapers also come in side snapping versions. Depending on the size of your child, and your preference, side snaps are a helpful way to prevent wing droop. Side snapping diapers are more adjustable, so if your baby has a more dramatic waist/thigh ratio (skinny waist, chunky thigh, or viceversa) they might work better.

The Dream Eze is a perfect and popular example of a side snapping fitted diaper.


Snap-to-Fit Diapers: Snap to fit diapers are fitted diapers with added snaps to provide a flexible fit for babies and toddlers. The snaps are located just below the fasteners with tops and bottoms lined up vertically. This allows you to adjust the size of a diaper as the baby grows.

This feature of fitted diapers allows you to purchase fewer sizes than the regular fitted diapers. While the regulars may come in 4 different sizes, Snap-to-fits come in two. You will only have to buy half as many diapers.

Popolino is an example of a snap to fit diaper.


Contour Diapers: A diaper without fasteners, to be laid in a cover.
Read reviews of contoured diapers here.
Here is a picture of a contour diaper. This one is from Imse Vimse. As you can see, there are no snaps or aplix.


Flat or Square Diapers: Flat diapers refer to the single-ply square shaped diapers that resemble the diapers our mothers and grandmothers used. The types that you find in a store are not effective for use as cloth diapers but they make great liners, burp rags or cleaning rags.
These are different than prefold diapers. Prefold diapers have a thicker layer in the middle strip of the diaper, for better absorbency, and are already sized and folded to fit the baby. Flats are much bigger, are the same thickness all the way through, and must be folded to achieve absorbency where you need it for your baby. This makes flats a little more difficult to master, but much more customizable and quicker to dry.
Read reviews of flats here.

Pre-folds: Pre-fold diapers are rectangular shaped diapers that are divided lengthwise in 3 sections. The outer sections usually have a thickness of 4 layers. The middle section can have 6 or 8 layers. This gives pre-folds absorbency where it is needed most, in the middle. You will often see pre-folds defined as 4-6-4, 4-8-4 or more rarely 2-4-2. These numbers refer to the layers of cloth in each section from left to right.

Pre-folds are one of the cheapest alternative in diapers. They can be enclosed in a velcro or snap fastened diaper or they can be pinned with safety pins or snappi fasteners.
Read reviews of pre-folds here.

Here is a picture of the Cloth-eez prefolds from
They come in a large variety of colours, which denote the sizes so you can find a size that best suits your baby. Other manufacturers sell prefolds with green edges (infant sized) and blue edges (premium sized, for older babies). There are also white edged newborn sized prefolds for very tiny babies.


Some prefolds today are made with materials like hemp fleece, bamboo velour, bamboo fleece, bamboo loop terry or any combination of materials (see below for explanations of these materials and their properties). They are often softer and more absorbant than plain cotton, and more fun to use! They are usually constructed like a prefold (with an extra layer in the wetzone) or all one layer like flats, but sized like a prefold and include a doubler for better absorbency.

At PeanutButter&Ellie you can find a variety of these kinds of "preflats". Check the retailer section for many, many more :)

To close the flats and prefolds, you can use pins or snappis.

Snappi Diaper Fasteners: These are easy to use. Tiny teeth grab the diaper and hold it in place for hours. Snappis eliminate the need for pins.
What does a snappi look like??? Click here!

Diaper Service Quality (DSQ): Diaper Service Quality refers to a higher end quality of pre-folds. When purchasing pre-folds for use as diapers, make sure they state the description: Diaper Service Quality or DSQ. Otherwise they will not be durable or absorbent enough for cloth diaper use. Non-DSQ pre-folds can be used as burp rags.
Read reviews of DWQ pre-folds here.

With these diapers, you will need some kind of a cover for them.

Diaper Covers: Like diapers, covers come in many forms. Like fitted diapers they may be contoured shaped and can fasten with snaps or velcro. Some covers resemble underwear. Either are made of polyester or vinyl to prevent wetness from getting on baby's clothing. These are ideal for covering your child's diaper during the daytime.

For the baby with sensitive skin there are also wool and polar fleece diaper covers. These too may be contoured shaped with snap or velcro fasteners. Others come in "boxer-like" shape. Some prefer these covers for night-time use because they breathe. Newer wool covers are very trim, and act like pull ups, and come in beautiful colours. Wool interlock is very popular in the cd community right now, for it's durability and ease of use. These are exceptional overnight options for those who prefer natural fibers for their babies.
Read reviews of covers here.

Here is an example of a waterproof diaper cover made of Polyurethane Laminate (PUL), the Thirsties wrap. It has the aplix closure and you can see the gussets around the legs to help contain the messes.


Here is the Mommy’s Touch diaper cover, which uses snaps, and is one size.


Here is the Motherease Airflow cover, which has side snaps.


And the Whisper Pant, from Bummis which are pull ons.


Wool and Fleece covers (see the sticky on wool info and care for more info about wool)
Wool and fleece covers can also be either pull ons, or snap or velcro to close. The benefit to these covers, besides the fact that they allow for air to breathe in and out, keeping baby cooler and drier, and their skin healthier, is that the pull ons don’t have elastic to irritate the insides of baby’s legs. Also, babies with PUL allergies can use these as an alternative.

Here is an example of a thick wool cover, in the pull on style. The Aristocrat is a heavy weight wool cover that is ideal for overnight diapering. These are sized covers, so you purchase the best size for your baby. When measuring your baby for fleece and wool, make sure to measure OVER the largest diaper you will be using the cover with.
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Re: START HERE: CD Types & materials, Laundry, Cloth wip

Postby MegsIsMommy » Mon Jul 19, 2010 8:20 am

blue-eden wrote:Check out our Cloth Diapering Lingo sticky for info about materials used in cloth diapers.

Where is this located? I do not see it as a sticky... Thanks!
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